Home > Research on Anarchism > History: Anarchism and Anarchists Yesterday and Today > By Country > Korea > [1973] The present Korean movement under martial law

[1973] The present Korean movement under martial law

Tuesday 23 February 2016, by ps


Power in South Korea has been seized by the fascist clique of Park Chung-hee, as cruel as, if not worse than that of Franco in Spain in the 1930s. Is there an anarchist movement in a country such as this?

Well, yes and no. You cannot understand without realising that the anarchist movement among Koreans before the war was, by and large, a national independence movement, and that conditions within the movement after the war (here they call it "post-liberation") were terribly chaotic. To be more specific, on the one hand you have some anarchists who have become involved in political or popular movements I think it would be difficult to refer to these as an anarchist movement as such. On the other hand, there is a more ideological anarchist movement which got under way a year or so ago but, apart from erecting a monument to Kaneko Ayako1 at the birthplace of Park Yul, it does not seem to me to have achieved very much. This group is known as the Jajyuin Yuenmaeng (the "Korea Free Men’s Federation" - FMF), and perhaps it is the only group which could truly be referred to as ’anarchist’.

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Part l

Part 2.